Bhagwan Mahaveer Wildlife Sanctuary
The Bhagwan Mahavir wildlife sanctuary covers an area of approximately 240 square kilometers and lies on the eastern border of Goa.
The fauna found in the sanctuary is as follows: Gaur, Panther, Spotted Deer, Mouse Deer, Barking Deer, Wild Boar, Porcupine, Wild Dog, Leopard Cat, Sambar, Bonnet Macaque, Common Langur, Jungle Cat, Civet, Flying Squirrel, Malabar Giant Squirrel, Pangolin, Slender Loris, etc. Occasionally, Tigers have also been seen, but the area is famous for King cobras though other snakes found are Python, Krait, Viper etc. as well as non-poisonous snakes.
About 200 species of birds are found in the sanctuary of which the better known ones are Indian Black Woodpecker, the Malabar Pied Hornbill, Paradise Fly Catcher, Fairy Blue Bird, Wag tails, Barbets, Great Indian Horn Bill, Kingfishers, Shrikes, Emerald Dove, Grey Jungle Fowl etc. The best time to visit is from the months of October to March.
Mhadei Wildlife Sanctuary
Mhadei Sanctuary is noted for its many waterfalls, such as the Vazra Sakla waterfalls and the Virdi Falls. Declaring this sanctuary as a tiger reserve is being considered due to reports of tiger sightings in the area. However, such sightings are rare.
Mhadei Sanctuary has more than thousand species of flowering plants and a vast variety of endemic orchids. More than 250 bird species have been recorded in the sanctuary and there are hundreds of species of butterflies here. The best time to visit is between December to February.
Netravali Wildlife Sanctuary
This wildlife sanctuary is located on the eastern side of Goa. The area covered by this sanctuary is about 211 square kilometers. Here you can find wildlife like Black Panthers, Hornbills, King Cobras, Giant Squirrels as well as a number of other animals. The best time to visit is from October to March.
Cotigao Wildlife Sanctuary
Situated in Canacona in South Goa about 2 km from Poinguinim, here you will find areas of dense forests with tall trees and rare plants, some areas where no sunlight reaches the ground. Cotigao is a peaceful and scenic park that makes a pleasant day trip from Palolem beach which is about 12 kilometers from the park. Cotigao sanctuary is the ideal place to visit for tree lovers and less of fauna.
One of the attractions here is a 25m-high treetop watchtower, overlooking a waterhole that attracts a handful of animals at dawn and dusk. Best time to visit is between the months of October and March
Dr. Salim Ali Bird Sanctuary
Goa's only bird sanctuary, 1.8 Sq Km in area. A variety of local and migratory birds can be found here. There are a wide variety of birds, as well as jackals, crocodiles and foxes. There is also a watch-tower in the Sanctuary for better viewing of birds. Some call this a bird watching paradise!
One needs to ferry across the River Mandovi to the island of Chorao to get to the bird sanctuary. The sanctuary is within walking distance from the ferry wharf at Chorao. Open throughout the year.